Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in Sustainable Development Goals.part1

eu-röstningSexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR) is a human right which related to sexual and reproductive health. So, by carrying the definition of right, health, reproductive, and sexual (sexuality), SRHR means that everyone should be able to have a responsible, satisfying and safe sex, and all couples and individuals have the right to decice how many children they have and when (family planning). It also means that they get the relevant information, services, and contraceptives to do this safely. They should also have the right to decide when they have sex, free of discrimination, coercion or violence[1].

Sustainable Development Goals is the 8 goals of Millenium Development Goals broken-down in 17 goals and 169 targets which will stimulate action over 15 years in areas of critical importance for humanity and the planet. Connecting SDGs with SRHR, I found there are 3 goals which have strong correlation with SRHR issues. They are goal 3. 7 (By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes), goal 4. 7 (By 2030, ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, including, among others, through education for sustainable development and sustainable lifestyles, human rights, gender equality, promotion of a culture of peace and non-violence, global citizenship and appreciation of cultural diversity and of culture’s contribution to sustainable development), goal 5.2 (Eliminate all forms of violence against all women and girls in the public and private spheres, including trafficking and sexual and other types of exploitation), and 5.6 (Ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights as agreed in accordance with the Programme of Action of the International Conference on Population and Development and the Beijing Platform for Action and the outcome documents of their review conferences)[2].

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The new sustainable development agenda

Analizing SRHR in SDGs, it is good that there are some goals which can be related to SRHR and some of them explicitly mention “sexual and reproductive health” and “reproductive rights”.

It would be better if “sexual rights” is also mentioned so that all aspects of SRHR will become fully equipped. Since SDGs still have no determined the indicators yet, I will give my opinion based on the list of indicator proposals published on 11th August 2015[3]. For goals 3.7, there are 2 suggested indicators (adolescent birth rate and demand satisfication with modern contraceptives). I suggest 2 indicators to be added. Firstly, proportion of primary health facilities that provide essential SRHR service with capable health workers to deal the service. I think it is important because primary health facility is the first facility accessed in the first time. Correlated to the first one, adolescent knowledge about SRHR is also an important indicator. In rural and remote area, primary health service has strong roles to promote SRHS in community. Then, goals 4.7, I think we need to know the proportion of school that has SRHR intergratedly in curriculum for student in the age of 10-18 years. In order to fulfill rights in education, indicator of percentage of school accepting student having marriage experience, unwanted pregnancy, and other condition related to SRHR is also important. Goals 5.2 has 2 suggested indicators. I do agree with both of them, but it will be better if they also address boys because boys also can become victims. The last is goal 5.6. The suggested indicators of the document I think are enough. The goal itself is also good because it refers to the related conferences.

[1] International Planned Parenthood Federation. “What does sexual and reproductive health and rights mean?” http://www.ippfsaro.org/sites/ippfsaro/Pages/SRHRFAQs.aspx (6th October 2015)

[2] United Nations. “Sustainable Developments Goals”. https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/?menu=1300 (6th October 2015)

[3] United Nations. “List of Indicator Proposals (11 August 2015)”. http://unstats.un.org/sdgs/iaeg-sdgs/open-consultation.html. (6th October 2015)

Picture taken from http://www.ottar.se/artiklar/ett-viktigt-verktyg-f-r-srhr-inom-eu and http://www.unisdr.org/archive/45308

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